God, as the creator of the universe and the complex laws of physics that govern it, does not have to be subjected to the laws of his creation. Just because God created a universe and laws of physics that require everything has a beginning, it doesn’t mean he has to subject himself to the same laws he created. Claiming otherwise would be somewhat like claiming Shakespeare must be subjected to and found in Hamlet, or the computer game developers of The Sims would have to be found within, constrained by, and governed by the rules they created for their virtual world.
God is not subject to the laws of his own creation nor must he be limited to exist with-in it anymore than a writer of a book or a computer game is required to exist with-in their own artistic creations.
We will now leave the unresolved problems our atheist friends have with the Big Bang, and the miraculous origin of the universe, and move onto some unresolved problems they have with the origins of life on earth.
[Discussion: How do you think many evolutionists explain the appearance of life on earth?]
Believing scientists accept that God created life. Non-believing scientists must invent an explanation. Here, they run into a similar problem as the Big Bang. Like they cannot explain the cause of the Big Bang, they cannot prove how life on earth came to be. It appears to have originated spontaneously, “by chance”, as they say—a miracle!
However, things such as our universe and life appearing by “chance” is utter and total nonsense, and one of the most unscientific statements one could make. Think about it. What is chance? Chance is a probability concept, a non-entity. As such, it has no power to do anything.
What are the chances that chance can do anything? Chance is no more able to do something than nothing can do something. As R.C. Sproul states in his book Not a Chance:
It is precisely at this point that equivocation creeps (or rushes) into the use of the word chance. The shift from a formal probability concept to a real force is usually slipped in by the addition of another seemingly harmless word, by. When we say things happen by chance …suddenly chance is given instrumental power. it is the means by which things come to pass. This now assumes a certain power to effect change.
Do you see what happened here? A probability concept, chance, suddenly and magically gained the power and the ability to do everything and create everything. It’s magic!
When scientists attribute instrumental power to chance, they have left the domain of physics and resorted to magic. Chance is their magic wand to make not only rabbits, but entire universes appear out of nothing. 42
Making things more difficult is the inconvenient principle of biogenesis. The same year Darwin published his “Origin of the Species”, which ignited the idea of all life starting from a single cell, the theory of spontaneous generation was proven false by Louis Pasteur. 43 This debunking of spontaneous generation has subsequently given us the scientific principle of biogenesis, which states that, “complex living things come only from other living things, by means of reproduction. That is, life does not spontaneously arise from non-living material.” 44
In summary, atheist scientists can’t explain how life originated on Earth, as it appears to have originated spontaneously, by chance. The atheist is left with a choice between an intelligent creator, that is not limited to our universe, or the hope of proving the principle of biogenesis incorrect. As of today, science has not been able to disprove it. An atheist can only replace an intelligent creator of the universe with something of equal god-like power—chance.
One of the more popular theories is that life somehow arose by chance in what’s called “primordial soup”, a mix of water and various other chemicals—perhaps in a volcanic pond. Once chance arranged all the necessary chemicals for life, chance mixed them in some unknown way to us. Then, by chance, the first protocells assembled themselves through some unknown process that researchers are unable to figure out. 45
Researchers also continue to be baffled with these first organisms, primitive as they were, having a metabolism. Why? Life needs to obtain energy or it dies quickly. As per Harvard genetics professor and Nobel laureate Jack Szostak, “The origins of metabolism have to be in there somehow. The source of chemical energy is going to be the big question.” 46
The dictionary defines life as “an organismic state characterized by capacity for metabolism, growth, reaction to stimuli, and reproduction.” 47 Given that, it should be no surprise that scientists have been unsuccessful in creating life, as defined, from chemical, irrespective of our advanced knowledge and supercomputers. Despite being able to send humans to the moon, robots to mars, and mapping out the human genome, we in our collective wisdom, try as we might, are no match for the almighty entity, say it…… Chance! 48
Although many non-believing scientists don’t know how life formed, they are certain it could not have been an intelligent creator that created the universe and thus exists outside of it. Instead of God, it was chance.
Many atheists will readily admit they do not know how life on earth began, to which I would then respond, “So how do you know it wasn’t God?”. But, leaving that aside, while they admit they do not know how life started, they are convinced that once “chance” did get life started, evolution took it from there.
Evolution is one of the main hammers, which is often used to attack Christianity. A Christian might get asked, “Do you believe in evolution or the Bible?” However, this question is setting up a false dichotomy or division. Believing in one doesn’t necessarily rule out belief in the other.
[Discussion: Do you think Christians can believe in evolution? Explain your answer.]
First, it’s necessary to distinguish between two types of evolution:
To put it simply, microevolution refers to changes within species. 49 Examples include bacteria becoming resistant to certain antibiotics, and dogs and wolves descending from a common ancestor. I have never met anybody who doesn’t believe in microevolution.
Stay tuned for Part 5 (Final).
42 Sproul, R. C.; Mathison, Keith. “Not a Chance” (Kindle Locations 229-231)
45 A summary based on: http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20161026-the-secret-of-how-life-on-earth-began
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