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As we saw with the various issues surrounding dating methods, the science behind these methods is not infallible and can be subject to error. This is something many are ignorant about or want to purposefully minimize. Stanford University professor John Ioannidis caused shockwaves in 2005 when he famously proclaimed, “It can be proven that most claimed research findings are false.” 30
He is right. Even many established scientific “facts” have been disproven. Emission theory 31 was wrong, atoms don’t always weigh the same 32, the number of species in the world is about 10% of what we used to think, 33 and Neanderthals weren’t sub-human ancestors of ours. 34 Did any of this come as a shock to you? Don’t be so surprised. It’s human nature to not make a big deal about our errors. You’re more likely to hear about a new discovery than a previously acclaimed discovery being disproven.
This is not to say all research is wrong or that we shouldn’t take research seriously, on the contrary! However, we shouldn’t make science into a god of perfection, as science cannot explain everything about human existence. Can one measure ten pounds of love or three meters of evil and, if not, does that mean that love or evil doesn’t exist? Of course not.
Indeed, science can’t explain everything about human existence. As another example, it’s unlikely that scientific analysis has led you to the conclusion that it’s wrong to kill and/or sterilize handicapped children.
A common objection against the Bible is, “Miracles are impossible.” When we ask the person how they came to that conclusion, a typical answer is, “Science has proven that miracles are impossible.”
[Discussion: Do you think science has proven the impossibility of miracles?]
Science has not proven the impossibility of miracles, nor can it, because science measures the natural world. Science has never presented any empirical data that supernatural events can’t happen. If you think otherwise, can you please explain to me exactly how the methods of science have disproved the possibility of supernatural events? You can’t. You can assume, without any scientific evidence, that miracles are impossible and you will willfully reject any supporting evidence of miracles—such as historical accounts of miracles—as myths or fabrications. However, you should leave science out of it. This is your prejudice, deciding before any evidence is presented, that you will ignore contrary evidence.
Yet, not only are there things science can’t measure, such as love, justice, miracles, and morality but also science doesn’t even know how the universe came to be—how the Big Bang originated. Some categorize the Big Bang as a miracle by the way. In the Big Bang, you have material, time, and space coming into existence from nothing. It’s like a rabbit appearing from an empty hat raised a trillion billion. When the universe appeared, there wasn’t a hat nor a magician as far as atheists are concerned, and, instead of a rabbit, the whole universe that appeared, rabbits included.
[Discussion: Do you know the current most popular theory for the origin of the universe? Hint: A popular TV show that goes by the same name. Can you guess the profession of the person who first suggested this theory?]
Since the 1920s, when a Belgian
scientist priest first suggested the Big Bang theory 35, it has gained acceptance as the best explanation for the origin of life and our universe. In summary, according to the “Hot Big Bang Model” 36, the universe came forth from something that’s smaller than the period at the end of this sentence and continues to expand. 37 However, science still has a massive problem with the Big Bang theory.
[Discussion: Why do you think science has unanswered questions about the Big Bang theory?]
“What caused the Big Bang? Where did matter come from? Where did the laws of physics come from?” Science simply cannot answer these questions. 38
The laws of science suggest that the Big Bang’s occurrence would have been impossible. by The first law of thermodynamics 39 states that energy cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system. The energy contained in the Big Bang can’t appear from nowhere any more than a shirt can appear by itself. In other words, one could classify the Big Bang to be some kind of a miracle.
The origins of the Big Bang, matter, time, order, and the laws of physics aren’t a problem for scientists who believe in God. The first verse of the Bible explains and resolves all problems atheist scientists have with the Big Bang theory. Herbert Spencer, a widely lauded non-Christian scientist 40, is credited with the achievement of discovering the categories of the knowable. He determined that everything that exists fits into one of five categories: 41
Gen 1:1: In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.
[Suggested Group Activity: Split people into up to five groups. Give each group one or more of the five categories from above, and ask then to match each category with a word or words from Genesis 1:1. The answer is below.]
“In the beginning”—time;
Now, you might hear a very common objection though:
Well if God created everything, then…
… who created God?.
[Discussion: How would you answer this?]
Stay tuned for Part 4.
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